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Senin, 16 Desember 2019 - 12:43:32 WIB
How About Human Rights In China
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By Mas ud HMN*)

Leaked document  Human Right  by  China  Government become  important issues recently. That was  set of Chinese Communist Party documents was leaked to The New York Times and  published during 3rd week of November, 2019. They reveal how ruthlessly Chinese

Communist Party's policies are being implemented in Xinjiang, where the state machinery  is fully engaged in eliminating the whole community of Muslims at Xianjiang provinc.Question is how abaout  Human Right on future .

Let us begin  those leaked documents provide a rare insight into what has been described as a cryptic world of surveiliance, detention, re-education and forced labour designed to assimilate and control Xinjiang's Muslims.

As we know since 2017, more than a million members of the province's Muslim minorities have been rounded up and detained in a network of "vocational training" camps spread over the region in China's far western autonomous region.

Olsi Jazexhi, a Canadian-Albanian historian and Islamic scholar, who visited Xinjiang in August, 2019 as a guest of the Chinese Government, was suspicious of reports in Western media about the crackdown and wanted to ascertain the facts, His preconceptions were very quickly swept away when he witnessed at a show camp situated in Aksu district, bordering Kyrgyzslan. He stated that this concentration camp or so called vocational training centre, was a kind of maximum security prison. He was under no illusions, when he found the facis. he hoted that what the Chinese were doing in Xinjiang was a mass cultural genocide.

The document further revealed that previously, the party's policy toward the peoples of Xinjiang - Uighurs and Kazakhs and other mostly Turkic- speaking, Muslim ethnic minorities - had largely been based on the theory that economic development and improved standards of living would defuse any dissent. But later, it was concluded in those leaked papers that material measures alone had proved insuficient to quell separatist sentiment in Xinjiang Chinese authonties then adopted physical and psychological measures to transform the thinking of Xinjiang's Muslims.

This initiated a campaign of mass indoctrination against what Chinese authorities called the "virus" of "religious extremism." In practice, the effort meant targeting everyday expressions of Islamic belief (owning a Quran, praying avoiding alcolhol and tobacco, fasting during Ramadan) and even secular aspects of non- Chinese culture (such as Uighur language and music). Authorities also called for expanding surveillance through both electronic measures and physical force.

The leaked documents also revealed the reaction of lacal Han officials tasked with enforcing Chinese authorities campaign. They maintain the otherwise views of the situation. They think that Chinese authorities on duty there, were hardly familiar with the local situation and conditions The policies and measures taken by higher levels were opposite to the realities on the ground They are of the view that profonged mass internment would lead to Uighurs disenchantment with the Chinese authorities. Not only the Han officials have been quietly resisting policies imposed from the top, they also helped leak these incriminating documents and policies of Chinese government.

Some areas, which were sensitive in the past in southern Xinjiang, are bordered by Pakistan and Afghanistan. Some precautionary measures taken in Xinjiang, has cut ol the region from the terrorist activities in Pakistan and Afghanistan. China is very curious now with the disturbances and terrorist activities in Pakistan and Alghanistan. It is trying to keep itself secured and not concerned about the terrorist activities in other countries.

If is not ready to accept that Pakistan is breeding the terrorists that is causing disturbances in the whole region and beyond. Another big hypocrisy of China.  The leaked documents mentioned that the action of Chinese government had become a Minority intelligence gathering, making a databank of every activity of the people and interfering into their personal life.

Chinese authorities have advocated such a funny reasons that everyone in a sane society would question the rationality of Chinese government and its governing and administrative acumen to handle the situation. The grounds for suspicion are not spelled out. Police has listed many  indicators of "religious extremism". Authorities in the charge of the law and order of the region, stated that they should load their guns, draw their swords from their sheaths, throw hard punches and relentlessly beat and strike hard without showing mercy at terrorists,Accord  Shih Chien  Yu, studies, , they describe the definition of a terrorism as          "Owning a compass; Abstaining from alcohol; Wailing, publicly grieving or otherwise acting sad when one's parents die, Not letting officials scan one's irises;             Telling others not to swear; Not allowing oficials to sleep in your bed, eat your food and live in your house; Being related to anyone who has done any of the above".

Holding a foreign passport is also ground for suspicion, said Hong Kong-based academic and specialist in Uyghur nationalism studies Shih Chien Yu. Even the very minute  personal detaif is noted by the authcrity. Xinjiang's Muslim minorities do not always know which activities could flag them in the system Those papers included the transcript of internal speeches made by Chinese President XiJinping who urged the use of the "organs of dictatorship" to "show absolutely no mercy" in dealing with the Xinjiang situation.

Under a section entitled "Strict secrecy", the document discusses the need for all staff to observe "political and secrecy discipline" and to strictly prevent the escape attempts. It also discusses the use of undercover informers. Nurmuhammad Majid, president of the East Turkistan Australian Association, stated the view among Uyghurs that online apps such as messaging platform WeChat had played an important role in monitoring the ethnic group. He noted that all these popular apps were helping the Government to collect their information.

China is expected to honour the call and concern of people and international communities and create a goodwill within its citizens. Forceful implementation of state policies, will only increase hatred and disenchantment. On the other side, Chinese authorities should be clear on its policies on terrorism. These policies should not change from country to country  Then, these discurses polcies  China  above,  showing Beijing always , avoid to   demand  international community  implement  civilian right  to Xianjaing  people.This only  to assist government to collect information The policy no changes.

 

Jakarta 10th December 2019

*) Author is  Lecturre Postgraduate  University Muhammadiyah Prof Dr Hamka (UHAMKA) Jakarta


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